Oral Pathology


The inside of the mouth is normally lined with a special type of skin (mucosa) that is smooth and coral pink in color.  The following can be signs at the beginning of a pathologic process or cancerous growth:

  • Reddish patches (erythroplasia) or whitish patches (leukoplakia) in the mouth
  • Sore that fails to heal and bleeds easily
  • Lump or thickening on the skin lining the inside of the mouth
  • Chronic sore throat or hoarseness
  • Difficulty in chewing or swallowing

These changes can be detected on the lips, cheeks, palate, and gum tissue around the teeth, tongue, face and/or neck.  Pain does not always occur with pathology, and curiously, is not often associated with oral cancer.  However, any patient with facial and/or oral pain without an obvious cause or reason may also be at risk for oral cancer.

We would recommend performing an oral cancer self-examination monthly.  Also, please do not ignore suspicious lumps or sores.